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Chicago, July 13, 1913
Persian-American Educational Society . . . . 114
Addresses by Abdul-Baha delivered in Boston . . . . 115
The Nineteen-Day Feast- Announcements . . . . 120
News Notes . . . . 121
PERSIAN-AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY
A REPORT has just been received from Dr. Susan I. Moody, who writes as follows:
"The annual examinations are something to talk about. From boys' Tarbiat School, thirty-three students were examined at the Government University before the Board of Education. Thirty received certificates.
"In girls' school, I don't know which to praise most, teachers or scholars, such an advance in one year seems miraculous. These teachers who were totally untrained have produced great results. This is notably true in Miss Kappes' school, but the same is true of Dabestan Dooshezizan Vatan school, where at first all teaching was voluntary. Now they pay a French teacher and their own native teachers are paid a very meagre salary. This school has made a wonderful struggle; it is greatly blessed by Abdul-Baha.
"I attended examinations in this school three afternoons and in Miss Kappes' five afternoons, and without exception from beginners up, the American students stood well in their classes. No. 56, Sabetha Khanom (Dorothy Hoar), was second in spelling contest; No. 70, Shams-ol Molluk (Mrs. Helen S. Goodall), was second in Persian grammar.
"You need not hesitate to assure our patrons that their students are being encouraged to make the most of their opportunity, and we are proud of their progress.
"If it is possible, I will later send you figures of standing of each scholar."
A contribution of $100 toward the educational fund was sent through Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, by Mme. A. F. Cheron, of Paris, France.
Among numerous letters received recently with assurances of sympathy and offers of co-operation, was one from Abbas Ally Butt Cashmiree, of Rangoon, Burma. The Society now has scholarships maintained in France, England, German and India, beside the American subscriptions.
Additional scholarships are solicited, particularly for the girls' schools, and to replace a few which are lapsing. The Society gratefully acknowledges the continued support of its loyal members and friends.
A circular letter is being issued to members and to the Bahai Assemblies, outlining a need of the Orient-Occident Unity, which directs the P. A. E. S. work. The attention of the friends is invited to this circular, copies of which may be obtained from the undersigned upon application.
In recent Tablets, Abdul-Baha has again approved the work of the Society and commended it to the support of the believers.
- JOSEPH H. HANNEN. Executive Secretary,
- P. O. Box 192, Washington, D. C.
STAR OF THE WEST
"We desire but the good of the world and the happiness of the nations; that all nations shall become one in faith and all men as brothers; that the bonds of affection and unity between the sons of men shall be strengthened; that diversity of religion shall cease and differences of race be annulled. So it shall be; these fruitless strifes these ruinous wars shall pass away, and the 'Most Great Peace' shall come."—BAHA'O'LLAH.
Chicago (July 13, 1913) Kalamat
ADDRESS BY ABDUL-BAHA DELIVERED IN BOSTON
ADDRESS BY ABDUL-BAHA BEFORE THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY OF BOSTON, MASS., AT THE KENSINGTON, EXTER AND BOYLSTON STREETS, JULY 24TH, 1912.
I HAVE come from New York to meet with you, but I regret that I cannot stay long. Therefore, I consider it very opportune to discuss with you an important question. I have not time for numerous meetings.
In the world of existence there is nothing so important as spirit. Nothing is as essential as the spirit of man. The spirit of man is the most noble of phenomena. The spirit of man is the meeting between man and God. The spirit of man is the cause of human life. The spirit of man is the collective center of all virtues. The spirit of man is the cause of the illumination of this world. The world may be likened to the body and man may be likened to the spirit of the body, because the light of the world is this spirit. Man in the world is the life of the world, and the life of man is the spirit. The happiness of the world depends upon man, and the happiness of man is dependent upon the spirit. The world may be likened to the lamp chimney, whereas man may be likened to the light itself. Man may be likened to the lamp, the spirit to the very light within the lamp. Therefore let us speak of this spirit.
The people of the world are divided into two classes. One class is the materialistic philosophers who deny the spirit and its immortality. The second class comprises the divine philosophers, the wise men of God, the wise illuminati. They believe in the spirit and its immortality. The Greek philosophers declared man to consist of simply the material elements. These material elements compose the cellular elements of the human existence, and when this composition is subjected to disintegration, the life of man becomes extinct. They taught that other than the body there is no spirit. It is body and body only. From these elements these human emanations have come. To them the eye and the ear are due; by them the sense of taste, smell and touch are caused; and when these elements are decomposed, these senses are likewise decomposed. This is the statement of the materialistic philosophers.
But the philosophers of God say, No! the spirit does exist; the spirit is living and eternal. Because of the objections of the materialistic philosophers, therefore, the wise men of God have advanced rational proofs in regard to the validity of the spirit. The materialistic philosophers do not believe in the books of God, and, hence, for them traditional proofs are no evidence; materialistic proofs are necessary. Consequently, the philosophers and wise men of God have said that it is firmly established that existing phenomena may be resolved into grades, that is to say, the mineral, vegetable or animal kingdoms, which possess either the functions augmentative or the functions tangible.
When we look at the mineral we discover that it exists and is possessed of virtue, that is to say, the power augmentative. When we consider the vegetable we see that it possesses the power of the mineral plus the power of growth. Therefore, it is evident that the vegetable kingdom is superior to the mineral. When we look at the animal kingdom we discover that the animal possesses both the power of the vegetable and those of the mineral, because it is both material and endowed with the virtues augmentative. It is possessed of the virtues of a kingdom, whereof the mineral and vegetables are minus. That is to say, the animal has the sense of hearing, sight, taste, smell and touch, the five senses of perception. It likewise has the power of memory. These do not exist in the lower kingdoms.
Just as the animal is more noble than the vegetable and the mineral, so is man superior to the animal. When we look at the animal we see that, although it possesses the five senses, it is bereft of ideation; that is to say, the animal is a captive of the world of nature, it is not in touch with that which lies beyond nature, it is bereft of spiritual susceptibilities, it is bereft of the attractions of conscience, it is not in touch with the world of God, it cannot deviate one hair's breadth from the law of nature. It is different with man. Man is possessed of the emanations of conscience; he has intelligence and perception and is capable of discovering mysteries in the universe. All the human industries we see, all the inventions and undertakings we observe are mysteries of nature and at one time were hidden; but the reality of man has discovered these mysteries. As a matter of fact, according to nature's laws, these things should be hidden and latent, but man having transcended the laws of nature, discovered these mysteries and brought them from the invisible state to the visible plane. See what a marvel man is! Consider electricity —one of the mysteries of creation. Under the requirement of natural law it should remain latent, but man discovered this power, brought it forth from the invisible state to the visible plane and utilized its energies. That is to say, man transcended this law of nature. How many of the mysteries of nature have been penetrated! Columbus, while in Spain, discovered America. Man is capable of discovering that the sun is stationary, while the earth revolves about it. The animal cannot do this. Man perceives the mirage is an illusion. This is beyond the power of the animal. The animal can only perceive through sense impressions, but cannot grasp intellectual realities. The animal cannot conceive of the power of thought. This is an intellectual matter and not limited to the senses. The animal cannot conceive of the fact that the earth is spherical. Intellectual phenomena are human powers. All creation is captive of nature: it cannot deviate a hair's breadth from the laws established by nature. But man wrests the sword from nature's hand and uses it upon nature's head. For example, it is a requirement of nature that man should be a dweller upon the earth, but the power of the human spirit transcends the law and he soars aloft in aeroplanes. This is contrary to the law and requirement of nature. He sails at high speed upon the ocean. He dives beneath its surface in submarines. He imprisons the voice in the phonograph. He communicates in the twinkling of an eye from the east to the west. These are some of the things we know to be contrary to the law of nature. Man transcends nature's laws. The animal, the vegetable, the mineral cannot do this. This can only be done through the power of the spirit, because the spirit is the reality. But in the physical powers and senses man and the animal are partners. In fact, animal is often superior to man in sense perception. For instance, the vision of some animals is exceedingly acute; the ear of the animal can detect a voice at a long distance. Consider the instinct of a dog; it is much greater than a man's. But although the animal shares with man all the physical virtues and senses, a spiritual power is bestowed upon man, of which the animal is devoid. This is proof that there is something in man which is absent in the animal; there is a faculty in man which is minus in the animal; there is a virtue in man which is lacking in the animal. This is the spirit of man. All these wonderful accomplishments are due to the efficacy and penetration of the spirit of man. Were man bereft of this spirit, none of these accomplishments would have been possible. This is a proof that man is possessed of a spirit. This is evident as the sun at midday.
All creatures of material organism are limited to an image or form. That is to say, every created material being is possessed of one form. It cannot possess two forms at the same time. For example, a body may be triangular, spherical, square, a hexagon or an octagon, but it is impossible for a given object to be triangular and spherical simultaneously; it cannot possess two shapes at one time. It may be either triangular or square. If it is to become square it must first rid itself of the triangular shape. It is absolutely impossible for it to be square and triangular at the same time. That is to say, in the reality of the creatures the different forms cannot be simultaneously possessed. But in the reality of man all geometrical figures can be simultaneously conceived. In other realities one image must be forsaken in order that another might be possible. This is the law of change and transformation, and change and transformation are harbingers of mortality. Were it not for change and transformation in form, phenomena would be immortal, but because phenomena is subject to change and transformation from one figure or shape to another, it is mortal. But the reality of man is possessed of all virtues; he does not have to give up one image for another as other mere bodies do. Therefore in that reality there is no change and transformation; there it is immortal and everlasting. Verily the body of man may be in America but his spirit laboring and working in the far east, discovering, organizing and systematizing. Although governing, making laws, erecting a building in Russia, his body is still here in America. What is this power, which notwithstanding it is embodied in America, is still working in the east, organizing, systematizing, destroying, upbuilding? It is the spirit of man. This is irrefutable.
When you wish to reflect upon or consider a matter you consult something within you. You say, shall I do it or shall I not do it? Is it better to do this or abandon it? Whom do you consult? Who is within you deciding this question? Surely there is a distinct power, a distinct ego. Were it not distinct from your ego, you would not be consulting it. It is greater than the faculty of thought. It is your spirit which teaches you, which inspires and decides upon matters. Who is it that interrogates? Who is it that answers? There is no doubt that it is the spirit and that there is no change or transformation there, for it is not composed of composite elements; and anything that is not composed of elements is eternal. Change and transformation are peculiarities of composition. There is no change and transformation in the spirit. In proof of this the body may become weakened in its members. It may be dismembered or one of its members may be incapacitated. The whole body may be paralyzed and yet the mind, the spirit remains ever the same. The mind decides, the thought is perfect and yet the hand is withered, the feet have become useless, the spinal column is paralyzed, and there is no muscular movement at all, but the spirit is in the same status. Dismember a healthy man :— the spirit is not dismembered. Amputate his feet; his spirit is there. He may become lame, the spirit is not affected. The spirit is ever the same; no change or transformation can you perceive, and because there is no change or transformation, it is everlasting and permanent.
Consider man while in the state of sleep; it is evident that all his parts and members are at a standstill, are functionless. His eye does not see, his ear does not hear, his feet and hands are motionless, but, nevertheless, he does see in the world of dreams, he does hear, he speaks, he walks, he may even fly in an aeroplane. Therefore it becomes evident that though the body be dead yet the spirit is permanent. Nay, the perceptions may be keener when man's body is asleep, the flight may be higher, the hearing may be better; all the functions are there and yet the body is at a standstill. Hence it is proof that there is a spirit in the man and in this spirit there is no distinction as to whether the body be asleep or absolutely dead and dependent. The spirit is not incapacitated by these conditions; it is not bereft of its existence, it is not bereft of its perfections. The proofs are many—innumerable.
These are all rational proofs. Nobody can deny them. As we have shown there is a spirit and that this spirit is permanent and everlasting, we must strive to learn of it. May you become informed of this spirit, hasten to render it divine, to have it become sanctified and holy, and that it may become the very light of the world illumining the East and the West.
I wish I might come and talk with you every night. I entertain great love for you all and am greatly pleased with this meeting.
ADDRESS BY ABDUL-BAHA AT THE NEW THOUGHT FORUM (METAPHYSICAL CLUB), BOSTON, MASS., AUGUST 25TH, 1912.*
O THOU kind God! In the utmost state of humility and submission do we entreat and supplicate at Thy Threshold, seeking Thy endless confirmations and illimitable assistance. O Thou Lord! regenerate these souls and confer upon them a new Life. Animate the spirits, inform the hearts, open the eyes and make the ears attentive. From Thy ancient Treasury confer a new being and animus and from Thy pre-existent Abode assist them to attain to new confirmations.
O God! Verily the world is in need of reformation. Bestow upon it a new existence. Give it newness of thoughts and reveal unto it heavenly sciences. Breathe into it a fresh spirit and grant unto it a holier and higher purpose.
O God! Verily Thou hast made this century radiant and in it Thou hast manifested Thy merciful Effulgence. Thou hast effaced the darkness of superstitions and permitted the Light of Assurance to shine. O God! grant that these servants may be acceptable at Thy Threshold. Reveal a new heaven and spread out a new earth for habitation. Let a new Jerusalem descend from on high. Bestow new thoughts, new life upon mankind. Endow souls with new perceptions and confer upon them new virtues. Verily Thou art the Almighty, the Powerful! Thou art the Giver, the Generous!
It is easy to bring human bodies under control. A king can bring under his rule and authority the bodies of his subjects throughout a whole country. In former centuries kings and rulers have brought under their individual control many millions of men and have been thereby enabled to carry out whatsoever they desire. If they willed to bestow happiness and peace they could do so, and if they determined to inflict suffering and discomfort they were equally capable. If they desired to send men to the field of battle, none could oppose their authority, and if they decreed their kingdoms should enjoy the bliss and serenity of immunity from war, this condition prevailed. In a word, how many kings and rulers have been able to control millions of human beings and have exercised that dominion with the utmost despotism of authority!
The point is this, that to gain control over physical bodies is an extremely easy matter, but to bring spirits within the bonds of serenity is a most arduous undertaking. This is not the work of everybody. It necessitates a divine and holy potency, the potency of Inspiration, the power of the Holy Spirit. For example, His Holiness Christ was capable of leading spirits into that abode of serenity. He was capable of guiding hearts into that haven of rest. From the day of His Manifestation to the present time He has been resuscitating hearts and quickening spirits. He has exercised that vivifying influence in the realm of hearts and spirits, therefore His resuscitating is everlasting.
In this century of the "latter times'" BAHA'O'LLAH has appeared and so resuscitated spirits that they have manifested powers more than human. Thousands of His followers have given their lives and while under the sword, shedding their blood, they have proclaimed "Ya-Baha-ul-ABHA!" Such resuscitation is impossible except through a heavenly potency, a power supernatural, the divine power of the Holy Spirit. Through a natural and mere human power this is impossible. Therefore the question arises, "How is this resuscitation to be accomplished?"
There are certain means for its accomplishment by which mankind is regenerated and quickened with a new birth. This is the "second birth" mentioned in the Heavenly Books. Its accomplishment is through the baptism of the Holy Spirit. The resuscitation or rebirth of the spirit of man is through the science of the Love of God. It is through the efficacy of the Water of Life. This life and quickening is the regeneration of the phenomenal world. After the coming of the spiritual springtime, the falling of the vernal showers, the shining of the Sun of Reality, the blowing of the breezes of Perfection, all phenomena become imbued with the life of a new creation and are reformed in the process of a new genesis. Reflect upon the material springtime. When winter comes the trees are leafless, the fields and meadows withered, the flowers die away into dust-heaps; in prairie, mountain and garden no freshness lingers, no beauty is visible, no verdure can be seen. Everything is clad in the robe of death. Wherever you look around you will find the expression of death and decay. But when the spring comes, the showers descend, the sun floods the meadows and plains with light, you will observe creation clad in a new robe of expression. The showers have made the meadows green and verdant. The warm breezes have caused the trees to put on their garments of leaves. They have blossomed and soon will produce new, fresh and delightful fruits. Everything appears endowed with a newness of life; a new animus and spirit is everywhere visible. The spring has resuscitated all phenomena and has adorned the earth with beauty as it willeth.
Even so is the Springtime Spiritual when it comes. When the Holy, Divine Manifestations or Prophets appear in the world, a cycle of radiance, an age of mercy dawns. Everything is renewed. Minds, hearts and all human forces are re-formed, perfections are quickened, sciences, discoveries and investigations are stimulated afresh and everything appertaining to the virtues of the human world is re-vitalized. Consider this present century of radiance and compare it with past centuries. What a vast difference exists between them! How minds have developed! How perceptions have deepened! How discoveries have increased! What great projects have been accomplished! How many realities have become manifest! How many mysteries of creation have been probed and penetrated! What is the cause of this? It is through the efficacy of the Spiritual Springtime in which we are living. Day by day the world attains a new bounty. In this radiant century neither the old customs nor the old sciences, crafts, laws and regulations have remained. The old political principles are undergoing change and a new body politic is in process of formation. Nevertheless some whose thoughts are congealed and whose souls are bereft of the light of the Sun of Reality seek to arrest this development in the world of the minds of men. Is this possible ?
In the unmistakable and universal re-formation we are witnessing, when outer conditions of humanity are receiving such impetus, when human life is assuming a new aspect, when sciences are stimulated afresh, inventions and discoveries increasing, civic laws undergoing change and moralities evidencing uplift and betterment, is it possible that spiritual impulses and influences should not be renewed and reformed? Naturally new spiritual thoughts and inclinations must also become manifest. If spirituality be not renewed, what fruits come from mere physical reformation? For instance, the body of man may improve, the quality of bone and sinew may advance, the hand may develop, other limbs and members may increase in excellence, but if the mind fails to develop, of what use is the rest? The important factor in human improvement is the mind. In the world of the mind there must needs be development and improvement. There must be re-formation in the kingdom of the human spirit, otherwise no result will be attained from betterment of the mere physical structure.
In this new year new fruits must be forthcoming, for that is the provision and intention of spiritual re-formation. The renewal of the leaf is fruitless. From the re-formation of bark or branch no fruit will come forth. The renewal of verdure produces nothing. If there be no renewal of fruit from the tree, of what avail is the re-formation of bark, blossom, branch and trunk? For a fruitless tree is of no special value. Similarly, of what avail is the re-formation of physical conditions unless they are concomitant with spiritual reformations? For the essential reality is the spirit, the foundation basis is the spirit, the life of man is due to the spirit, the happiness, the animus, the radiance, the glory of man— all are due to the spirit; and if in the spirit no re-formation takes place, there will be no result to human existence.
Therefore we must strive, with life and heart, that the material and physical world may be reformed, human perception become keener, the merciful Effulgence manifest and the radiance of Reality shine. Then the Star of Love shall appear and the world of humanity become illumined. The purpose is that the world of existence is dependent for its progress upon re-formation; otherwise it will be as dead. Consider, if a new springtime failed to appear, what would be the effect upon this globe, the earth? Undoubtedly it would become dissolute and life extinct. The earth has need of an annual coming of spring. It is necessary that a new bounty should be forthcoming. If it comes not, life would be effaced. In the same way the world of spirit needs new life, the world of mind necessitates new animus and development, the world of souls a new bounty, the world of morality a re-formation, the world of divine effulgence ever new bestowals. Were it not for this replenishment, the life of the world would become effaced and extinguished. If this room is not ventilated and the air freshened, respiration will cease after a length of time. If no rain falls, all life organisms will perish. If new light does not come, the darkness of death will envelop the earth. If a new springtime does not arrive, life upon this globe will be obliterated.
Therefore, thoughts must be lofty and ideals uplifted in order that the world of humanity may become assisted in new conditions of reform. When this re-formation affects every degree, then will come the very "Day of the Lord" of which all the Prophets have spoken. That is the Day wherein the whole world will be regenerated. Consider: are the laws of past ages applicable to present human conditions? Evidently they are not. For example, the laws of former centuries sanctioned despotic forms of government. Are the laws of despotic control fitted for present-day conditions? How could they be applied to solve the questions surrounding modern nations? Similarly, we ask, would the status of ancient thought, the crudeness of arts and crafts, the insufficiency of scientific attainment, serve us today? Would the agricultural methods of the ancients suffice in the Twentieth Century? Transportation in the former ages was restricted to conveyance by animals. How would it provide for human needs today? If modes of transportation had not been re-formed the teeming millions now upon the earth would die of starvation. Without the railway and fast-going steamship, the world of the present day would be as dead. How could great cities, such as New York and London, subsist if dependent upon ancient means of conveyance? It is also true of other things which have been re-formed in proportion to the needs of the present time. Had they not been reformed, man could not find subsistence.
If these material tendencies are in such need of re-formation, how much greater the need in the world of the human spirit, the world of human thought, perception, virtues and bounties! Is it possible that need has remained sta
- Dr. Fareed, Translator. Stenographic notes by Miss Edna McKinney.
[Continued on page 122]
STAR OF THE WEST
PUBLISHED NINETEEN TIMES A YEAR
By the BAHAI NEWS SERVICE, 515 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill., U. S. A.
Entered as second-class matter April 9, 1911, at the post office at Chicago. Illinois, under the Act of March 3,1879.
Editorial Staff: ALBERT R. WINDUST — GERTRUDE BUIKEMA — DR. ZIA M. BAGDADI
Honorary Member: MIRZA AHMAD SOHRAB
Terms: $1.00 per year; 10 cents per copy.
Note — Until further notice, distribution in the Orient is through Agents.
Make Money Orders payable to BAHAI NEWS SERVICE, P. O. Box 283, Chicago, III., U. S. A.
To personal checks please add sufficient to cover the bank exchange.
Address all communications to BAHAI NEWS SERVICE, P. O. Box 283, Chicago, III., U.S.A.
TABLET FROM ABDUL-BAHA.
HE IS GOD!
O thou Star of the West! Be thou happy! Be thou happy! Shouldst thou continue to remain firm and eternal, ere long, thou shalt become the Star of the East and shalt spread in every country and clime. Thou art the first paper of the Bahais which is organized in the country of America. Although for the present thy subscribers are limited, thy form is small and thy voice weak, yet shouldst thou stand unshakable, become the object of the attention of the friends and the center of the generosity of the leaders of the faith who are firm in the Covenant, in the future thy subscribers will become hosts after hosts like unto the waves of the sea; thy volume will increase, thy arena will become vast and spacious and thy voice and fame will be raised and become world-wide—and at last thou shalt become the first paper of the world of humanity. Yet all these depend upon firmness, firmness, firmness!
(Signed) ABDUL-BAHA ABBAS.
THE NINETEEN-DAY FEAST*— You must continue to keep the Nineteen-Day Feast. It is very important; it is very good. But when you present yourselves in the meetings, before entering them, free yourselves from all that you have in your heart, free your thoughts and your minds from all else save God, and speak to your heart. That all may make this a gathering of love, make it the cause of illumination, make it a gathering of attraction of the hearts, surround this gathering with the Lights of the Supreme Concourse, so that you may be gathered together with the utmost love.
O God! Dispel all those elements which are the cause of discord, and prepare for us all those things which are the cause of unity and accord! O God! Descend upon us Heavenly Fragrance and change this gathering into a gathering of Heaven! Grant to us every benefit and every food. Prepare for us the Food of Love! Give to us the Food of Knowledge! Bestow upon us the Food of Heavenly Illumination!
In your hearts remember these things, and then enter the Unity Feast.
Each one of you must think how to make happy and pleased the other members of your Assembly, and each one must consider all those who are present as better and greater than himself, and each one must consider himself less than the rest. Know their station as high, and think of your own station as low. Should you act and live according to these behests, know verily, of a certainty, that that Feast is the Heavenly Food. That Supper is the "Lord's Supper!" I am the Servant of that gathering.
- Celebrated once in nineteen days, usually on the first of each Bahai month.
The first day of each Bahai month falls as follows:
MONTH NAME FIRST DAYS
1st......... Baha'......... (Splendor)......... Mar. 21
2nd......... Jalal......... (Glory)......... Apr. 9
3rd......... Jamal......... (Beauty)......... Apr. 28
4th......... Azamat......... (Grandeur)......... May 17
5th......... Nur......... (Light)......... June 5
6th......... Rahmat......... (Mercy)......... June 24
7th......... Kalamat......... (Words)......... July 13
8th......... Asma......... (Names)......... Aug. 1
9th......... Kamal......... (.Perfection)......... Aug. 20
10th......... Eizzat......... (Might)......... Sept. 8
11th......... Masheyat......... (Will)......... Sept. 27
12th......... Elm......... (Knowledge)......... Oct. 16
13th......... Kudrat......... (Power)......... Nov. 4
14th......... Kowl......... (Speech)......... Nov. 23
15th......... Massa'ulk......... (Questions)......... Dec. 12
16th......... Sharaf......... (Honor)......... Dec. 31
17th......... Sultan......... (Sovereignty)......... Jan. 19
18th......... Mulk......... (Dominion)......... Feb. 7
19th......... Ola......... (Loftiness)......... Mar. 2
A SILVER VASE in commemoration of the visit of Abdul-Baha to America, is to be placed in the Holy Tomb of BAHA'O'LLAH. By the earnest solicitation of Mr. Edward Kinney and about thirty of the New York Bahais, the gracious permission of the Centre of the Covenant, Abdul-Baha, was given this project after he had declined personal gifts. All who desire may contribute any sum to this sacred purpose. It is preferred that the contributions be sent through the Treasurer of the various Bahai centres of America. When this is not possible, it can be sent direct to Mrs. Edward Kinney, 276 West 86th street, or to Mr. James F. Brittingham, 894 Prospect avenue, New York City, who is acting as the Treasurer of the fund.
REGARDING PRINTING of books concerning the Cause, the following (portion of a) Tablet was recently received from ABDUL-BAHA: "In regard to printing any book concerning the Cause: It is unlawful except with a permission from the Centre of the Covenant—whether it be from the blessed Tablets or from the composition of the friends. To do other than this will incur a great risk."
ANNOUNCEMENT—To the Friends of God, the Beloved of El-Abha, Throughout America—Greeting :—It is deemed advisable, while the memory of the visit of the CENTRE OF THE COVENANT, ABDUL-BAHA, is still fresh in the minds and hearts of the friends, to make an effort to collect every obtainable word uttered by him during his sojourn in America, whether public or private—together with all incidents and photographs surrounding the same—for preservation in the archives at Chicago.
These archives were established by the House of Spirituality ten years ago, to preserve not only valuable documents of the Cause, of which it was the custodian, but to collect copies of every Tablet obtainable, revealed by ABDUL-BAHA to the friends in America. About a thousand Tablets have been received, together with data concerning each, and all carefully filed in a modern safety storage vault.
In this present endeavor to collect and preserve the addresses, interviews, incidents, photographs, etc., pertaining to the visit of ABDUL-BAHA in America, please see that (1) date, (2) place and (3) circumstances are sent concerning same—including (4) name and (5) address of sender; and, if of a personal nature, whether or not permission is given to publish. Please address budgets to
- MR. ALBERT R. WINDUST, Librarian.
- 515 South Dearborn Street. Chicago.
OUR PERSIAN SECTION this issue contains: (1) Tablet from Abdul-Baha to Mirza Heidar Ali; (2) poem by Mirza Mahmood; (3) letter from Paris by Mirza Mahmood; (4) two poems by Noush.
PORT SAID, EGYPT—Abdul-Baha and suite arrived June 17 on board the steamship Himalaya. He sent a telegram to Haifa, instructing the many pilgrims awaiting his return to come to Port Said. On account of the great numbers who came and there being no room in the hotel large enough to hold them, a large tent was erected on the roof in which to hold meetings.
No. 4 issue of the STAR OF THE WEST has arrived, and caused happiness to the friends. The pilgrims speak many wonderful things regarding it in the Orient. If the editors should hear it their hearts and souls would be infinitely joyous.
Mirza Ahmad Sohrab.
MANDALAY, UPPER BURMAH—Mohammed Salaiman, also known as Ko Po Chit, the President of this Assembly, departed this life and ascended to the Supreme Concourse, May 7, in his fifty-first year. He was a man of loving character, with a heart that drew to him many warm friends. Ever since becoming a believer in the Holy Cause he served the Assembly with great and untiring energy, love and devotion. Although we are in utmost loss, we are happy that he departed with firm faith in the Supreme Cause of EL-ABHA and the Centre of the Covenant. We have submitted the matter to the holy presence of Abdul-Baha for his divine blessing, offered prayers in every Assembly in Burma and India, and now ask you to announce it in the STAR OF THE WEST.
The Cause of God is progressing in all parts of India and Burma. One of our brothers, Mohammed Raza Shirazi, B. A., has recently visited all parts of India, proclaiming the Cause in different assemblies of Mohammedans, Hindoos, Brahma Samaj and Arya Samaj.
BROOKLYN N. Y.—Ransel Newcombe Whitney, one of the early believers in this city, passed away on June 18, at the age of seventy-one years. He was of a quiet and reserved temperament and loved by all as a man of sterling character and a sincere believer. His home, for a long time, was one of the centres of the Cause in Brooklyn. Mr. Whitney's remains were buried at Keene, N. H., the home of his boyhood.
F. E. 0.
ADDRESSES BY ABDUL-BAHA DELIVERED IN BOSTON
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tionary while the world has been advancing in every other condition and direction? It is impossible!
Therefore, we must invoke and supplicate God and strive with the utmost effort in order that the world of human existence in all its degrees may receive a mighty impulse, complete human happiness be attained and the resuscitation of all spirits and emanations be realized through the boundless favor of the Mercy of God.
EXTRACTS FROM A TALK GIVEN BY ABDUL-BAHA, JULY 23RD, 1912, IN ANSWER TO QUESTIONS ASKED BY MRS. CAMPBELL AND DR. GUY, AT HOTEL VICTORIA, BOSTON, MASS.
THE injunction to Bahais has been this:— They must not engage in matters of politics which lead to corruption. They must have nothing to do with corruption or sedition, but should interest themselves in clean politics. In Persia, at the present time, the Bahais have no part in the movements which have terminated in corruption; but on the other hand a Bahai may be a politician of the right type; even ministers in Persia are Bahais. We have Governor-Generals who are Bahais and there are many other Bahais who take part in politics, but not in corruption. It is evident they must have nothing to do with seditious movements. For example, if the Americans should arise with the intention of reinstating despotism, the Bahais should take no part in it.
The Bahai Cause includes questions of economic and social conditions, but they are under the heading of Laws. The Bahai spirit is, that in order to establish a better economic and social condition you must abide by certain laws. We will have economic laws so that the Socialists may demand legally and not by force or strike. The Government will enact the laws, establish just legislation, and just economics, in order that all humanity may enjoy the utmost of welfare; but according to law. Without law and legislation demands fail and welfare will not be realized. Today they strike and make demands. This is not good. Laws and regulations set forth rightful demands.
While thousands are considering these questions, we have more essential questions. The secrets of the whole economic condition are Divine in nature, and are concerned with the world of the heart and spirit. In the Bahai teaching this is most completely explained, and without consideration of the Bahai teachings it is impossible to realize a better state. All this will come to pass. The Bahais will bring about the better state, but not through corruption and sedition. It will not be warfare but perfect welfare. In short, hearts must be so cemented together, love must become so dominant, that the rich shall most willingly, out of the free will of their hearts, help and extend assistance to the poor, and take steps in the way of these adjustments. If it is accomplished in this way, it will be very good, because then it will be for the sake of God and in His path. For example, the rich of a city should say: "It is not becoming, it is not lawful that we should have such excessive wealth, while in this very city there is abject poverty," and willingly they should give of their wealth. They should give to the poor, and retain only as much as will enable them to live comfortably and honestly.
You must strive as much as possible to create love in the hearts, in order that they may become shining and radiant. When that love shines in the hearts, even as this light (pointing to the electric light), it will permeate other hearts; and when the love of God is established, everything else will be realized. This is the foundation. Be thoughtful of it! Think of becoming the cause of the attraction of souls. Manifest true economics to the people. Show what love is, what kindness is, what severance is, what giving is.
BAHA'O'LLAH spread this Teaching of Universal Peace sixty years ago, when it was not even thought of by the people. Now because this has been spread, they say, "Yes, we are thinking of peace," long after BAHA'O'LLAH said it should come to pass. While BAHA'O'LLAH was in prison he sent Tablets (letters) to the Kings and rulers advising this, and it was published sixty years ago.
This is the important thing for you to do. Act in accordance with the teachings of BAHA'O'LLAH. All His books will be translated. Now is the time for you to live in accordance with the teachings of BAHA'O'LLAH. That is the true translation, your deeds must be the real translation.
Economic questions will not attract hearts. The love of God alone will attract hearts. These economic questions are very good questions, but the thing that attracts the hearts of men is the Love of God.
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